Figure Skating Judging System

Competition Officials

Technical Panel

The Technical Panel is composed of the Technical Controller, the Technical Specialist and the Assistant Technical Specialist, each one from different ISU Members (countries). A Data Operator assists them for recording purposes. An instantaneous slow-motion video replay system operated by a Replay Operator supports the Technical Panel in the identification of the performed elements.

The Technical Specialist, assisted by the Assistant Technical Specialist, identifies and calls the performed elements and the specific Levels of Difficulty of certain performed elements (e.g. spins, footwork). He/She identifies illegal or additional elements and falls.

The Technical Controller authorizes and/or corrects all calls, supervises the Data Operator and can propose corrections, if necessary.

In case of disagreement, the majority among the three Officials prevails.


Under the ISU Judging System the Judges focus entirely on evaluating the quality of each element performed (Technical Score) and the quality of the performance (Presentation Score)

Their scores will be based on specific quality criteria for each element and will provide a comprehensive assessment of each skater’s skills and performance, without comparing each skater in relation to all others. The Judge enters the scores through a touch screen unit. At ISU Events, Judges may review in real time certain elements of the skaters’ performances by means of an instantaneous Video Replay System.


There will be a panel of a maximum of 9 Judges per segment. The scores of these Judges will form the result. Out of these scores, the highest and lowest score of each element or program component are ignored and the average will be taken from the remainder, generating the trimmed mean (average score).

Technical Score

Each element performed has a base value and the judges assign a “Grade of Execution” to the element allowing the element to increase in value when done well or decrease in value when done poorly. Each plus or minus step in the GOE results in increasing or decreasing the value by 10 % in Single and Pair Skating and by 16 % in Ice Dance.

A group of experts, including experienced skaters and coaches, have worked out a summary list of each element’s Base Value as well as its “Level of Difficulty” in case of spins, steps, lifts, etc. The level of points of the Base Value depends on the difficulty of the element.

Some elements such as spins and footwork sequences are further broken down depending on their “Level of Difficulty”.

These element Base Values and Levels of Difficulty ensure that skaters receive the appropriate and consistent credit for every element performed. The Base Value of all recognized elements are reviewed by the respective Technical Committees and published annually by the ISU in a Communication.

The name of the identified element will be listed instantaneously on the Judge’s screen. The Judge then simply grades the quality of the element on a scale of +5, +4, +3, +2, +1, 0,-1, -2, -3, -4, -5. With this scale and the resulting “quality judgment”, the Judge can either increase or decrease the Base Value of each performed element.

The total of all the elements scores gives the Technical Score.

Program Component Score

The Skater's/Pair's/Couple’s whole performance is evaluated by three Program Components: Composition, Presentation and Skating Skills. For Pair Skating and Ice Dance there must be equal demonstration of the criteria by both Skaters.

Composition: the intentional, developed and/or original arrangement of the repertoire of all types of movements into a meaningful whole according to the principles of proportion, unity, space, pattern, and musical structure. In evaluating the Composition, the following must be considered:

  • Unity;

  • Connections between and within elements;

  • Pattern and ice coverage;

  • Multidimensional movements and use of space;

  • Choreography reflecting musical phrase and form.

Presentation: the demonstration of engagement, commitment and involvement based on an understanding of the music and composition. In evaluating the Presentation, the following must be considered:

  • Expressiveness and projection;

  • Variety and contrast of energy and of movements;

  • Musical sensitivity and timing;

  • Unison, oneness and awareness of space (Pair Skating, Ice Dance).

Skating Skills: the ability of the Skater to execute the skating repertoire of steps, turns, and skating movements, with blade and body control. In evaluating the Skating Skills, the following must be considered:

  • Variety of edges, steps, turns, movements and directions;

  • Clarity of edges, steps, turns, movements and body control;

  • Balance and glide;

  • Flow;

  • Power and speed.

Final Score

The Total Segment Score for each participant in each Segment of a competition (Short Program/Rhythm Dance, Free Skating/Free Dance or Pattern Dance(s)) is calculated by adding the Total Elements Score and the Program Component Scores, subtracting any deductions (for example -1.0 for a fall).

In Ice Dance, for events with two Pattern Dances, the Total Score for each dance will be multiplied by a factor of 0.5.

The Total Segment Score of both programs are added and the result constitutes the Final Score in a competition. The participant with the highest total score wins.

Availability of Data and Statistics

At the end of each segment, a list will be published which includes all relevant scoring data for skaters.

Under the ISU Judging System there is far more data available to analyze than before. This data can help the National Federations, athletes and coaches to improve future performances.

The media, skating fans and general public can find statistics and detailed data on the ISU website:

Officials Accountability

The Skaters’ performances are video recorded and can be reviewed on screen at any time.

A computer checks and identifies possible anomalies which are further checked by an appointed Officials Assessment Commission. These anomalies can either be supported or refuted by the Commission as possibilities for a variance in the scoring. Refuted possibilities or repeated errors by a single official could result in a sanction.

Personal Bests / World Standings

The ISU maintains on-going statistics regarding individual records. This includes information on personal bests, highest scores, seasonal bests etc. The most important individual results over the period of the last two years are ranked in the World Standings. The “Seasons Best” is displayed for each skater/couple on the scoreboard in the arena.

Minimum Total Technical Scores

Skaters/couples participating in ISU Championships must have reached in an ISU recognized International Competition (as per Article 38, paragraph 7 of the ISU Constitution and Rule 107, paragraphs 1 to 9 of the ISU General Regulations) during the ongoing season or the immediately preceding season the applicable minimum Technical Scores (both for Short Program/Short Dance and Free Skating/ Free Dance).

For full and up to date information on the current Minimum Total Technical Scores please refer to the ISU Media Guide for Figure Skating

Required Elements

For full and up to date information on the current required Elements please refer to the ISU Media Guide for Figure Skating

Software & Hardware

For more information, please visit


pdf ISU Judging System advantages over 6.0


pdf ISU Judging System Lower Class Events